Digital Commonwealth

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    <mods:title>Letter from Joel M. Halpern to Nettie and Carl Halpern</mods:title>
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  <mods:identifier type='uri'>http://credo.library.umass.edu/view/full/mufs001-sw-fn-i007</mods:identifier>
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      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
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    <mods:namePart>Halpern, Joel Martin</mods:namePart>
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    <mods:namePart>Halpern, Carl</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type='date'>1902-1986</mods:namePart>
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    <mods:namePart>Halpern, Nettie</mods:namePart>
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  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Alkmaar(Netherlands)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
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      <mods:province>North Holland</mods:province>
      <mods:country>Netherlands</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Alkmaar</mods:city>
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      <mods:coordinates>52.633333,4.75</mods:coordinates>
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  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Amsterdam(Netherlands)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7006952'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:province>North Holland</mods:province>
      <mods:country>Netherlands</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Amsterdam</mods:city>
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    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>52.35,4.916667</mods:coordinates>
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  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Bastogne(Belgium)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7007861'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:province>Letzeburg</mods:province>
      <mods:region>Wallonia</mods:region>
      <mods:country>Belgium</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Bastogne</mods:city>
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    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>50,5.716667</mods:coordinates>
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  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Bruges(Belgium)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7007867'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:region>Flanders</mods:region>
      <mods:province>West Flanders</mods:province>
      <mods:country>Belgium</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Bruges</mods:city>
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    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>51.210933,3.225971</mods:coordinates>
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  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Brussels(Belgium)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Copenhagen(Denmark)</mods:geographic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7003474'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:region>Hovedstaden</mods:region>
      <mods:country>Denmark</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Copenhagen</mods:city>
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    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>55.7167,12.5667</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Costume</mods:topic>
    <mods:geographic>Netherlands</mods:geographic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Denmark</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
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  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Hamburg(Germany)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7005289'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:state>Hamburg</mods:state>
      <mods:country>Germany</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Hamburg</mods:city>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>53.55,10</mods:coordinates>
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  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Jönköping (Sweden)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/1000097'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:country>Sweden</mods:country>
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    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>62,15</mods:coordinates>
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  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Namur(Belgium)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7007960'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:province>Namur</mods:province>
      <mods:region>Wallonia</mods:region>
      <mods:country>Belgium</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Namur</mods:city>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>50.469923,4.82577</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:name type='corporate'>
      <mods:namePart>Opera National de Paris</mods:namePart>
    </mods:name>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:geographic>Rotterdam(Netherlands)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:topic>Description and travel</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7006792'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:province>South Holland</mods:province>
      <mods:country>Netherlands</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>Europe</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Rotterdam</mods:city>
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    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>51.916667,4.5</mods:coordinates>
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  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>All rights for this image are held by Joel M. Halpern. Requests to publish, redistribute, or replicate this material should be addressed to Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>Contact host institution for more information.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:extent>24 p.</mods:extent>
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    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
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  <mods:typeOfResource manuscript='yes'>text</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='lctgm' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm002590'>Correspondence</mods:genre>
  <mods:genre authority='aat' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/aat' displayLabel='specific'>Field notes</mods:genre>
  <mods:abstract>These pages are a lengthy multi-part letter from Joel Halpern to his parents. These letters were written in 1949 from various different places in Europe. The letters include descriptions of various cities throughout northern Europe. The letter begins with some description of Paris, France. Halpern describes a trip to the Opera National de Paris where he saw a Wagner's The Valkyrie from his Ring Cycle of Operas. These letters are focused on travels in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. COming soon after the end of World War II, Halpern does describe the cities of Bastogne, famous for its central location in the Ardennes forest and the Nazi offensive in late 1944, as well as Hamburg, Germany which was extensively bombed by Allied forces. The letters also include descriptions of a number of other towns and cities in the Netherlands such as Rotterdam, Bruge, Brussels and Amsterdam.</mods:abstract>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:place>
      <mods:placeTerm type='text'>Sweden</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes' point='start'>1949-08-20</mods:dateCreated>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' point='end'>1949-09-03</mods:dateCreated>
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  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Joel M. Halpern Papers</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
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  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries</mods:physicalLocation>
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  <mods:relatedItem type='series'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Series 5. Fieldwork and Research</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:relatedItem type='series'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Series 5I. Arctic/Northwest Territories</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
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