The winds, known collectively as Venti, have long been viewed as both bringers of good fortune and sources of chaos. In ancient Greece and Rome, the winds were seen as personas; gods who brought favorable or difficult weather. The Greek philosopher Aristotle (4th cent. BCE) named twelve winds, which are illustrated on this world map in the 1511 edition of Claudius Ptolemy’s (2nd cent. CE) Geographia. The map also features climate zones, shown here as horizontal bands that correspond to latitudinal lines across the globe. Marked with "CLI[MA]" in red, these zones number seven north of the equator and five south.
Title supplied by cataloger.
Map is printed in two colors, red and black.
Outer map border shows decorative windheads and zodiacal signs.
Appears in Ptolemy's Geographia, edited by Bernard Sylvanus. Venetiis : Per Iacobum Pentium de Leucho, anno Domini 1511.
The author's name is often given as Bernard Sylvanus (see Shirley entry 32, plate 35) or Bernardus Sylvanus.
Cataloging, conservation, and digitization made possible in part by The National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor.
Atlas scanned by Internet Archive http://archive.org/details/claudiiptholemae00ptol
Exhibited: "Regions and Seasons: Mapping Climate through History" organized by the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, 2017.