Breviary : Franciscan use : in Latin
- Breviary : Franciscan use : in Latin
- Catholic Church
- Jacobus, de Mutina
- Former owner:
- Maggs Bros.
- Former owner:
- Jacques Rosenthal (Firm)
- Sotheby's (Firm)
Manuscripts, Latin (Medieval and modern)--Italy
Boston Public Library
Rare Books Department
- Collection (local):
Medieval and Early Renaissance Manuscripts (Collection of Distinction)
Italy > Romagna (region) > Bologna (province) > Bologna
- 374 leaves : parchment, ill. ; 301 x 215 (197 x 153) mm
No known copyright restrictions.
No known restrictions on use.
- Place of origin:
- Table of Contents:
1. fol. 1-6v: calendar, Franciscan use (includes two sets of verses indicating "Egyptian days." One line from the first set written at the top of the page for each month, with one line from the second set written at the bottom of the page for each month (Walther, CPL, 14567)
2. fol. 7-177: Temporale.
3. fol. 177v-180v: originally blank, liturgical notes added slightly later.
4. fol. 177-179v: Feast of the Holy Trinity.
5. fol. 179v-180v: liturgical notes, including a list of major and minor feast days
6. fol. 181-228: Ferial Psalter and Canticles.
7. fol. 228-228v: originally blank, with later additions: lections for Christmas and Epiphany
8. fol. 229-324: Sanctorale.
9. fol. 324-332: additional offices: Transfiguration. St. Augustine, Visitation of Mary and Elizabeth, and the Conception of the Virgin.
10. fol. 332-332v: originally blank, with 15th-century additions: a hymn for the Feast of the Holy Trinity and the office of the Translation of St. Augustine.
11. fol. 335-366: Common of Saints.
12. fol. 366v-369v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Rome.
13. fol. 369v-372v: Office of the Dead, Franciscan Use.
14. fol. 372v-373v: monthly blessings.
15. fol. 374-374v: blank.
Bibliographic record created by BPL staff based on description by Dr. Lisa Fagin Davis.
Origin: Written in Italy, probably Bologna (based on style and palette of the miniatures), in the second quarter of the fourteenth century. The colophon on fol. 373v reads "Explicit breviarium scriptum per manum dompni Jacobi de Mutina"; the scribe, Jacobus de Mutina, is known only from this manuscript. The breviary must have been written after the year 1317, since the calendar includes the feast of St. Louis of Toulouse, canonized that year. It was written for Franciscan use, as evidenced by the calendar which includes the following Franciscan feasts: Translation of St. Francis (25 May), St. Anthony (13 June, in red), St. Clare (12 August, in red), St. Francis (4 October, in red), the Octave of St. Francis (11 October, in red), and Bishop Louis of Toulouse (19 August). The litany, Sanctorale and Office of the Dead are also for Franciscan use. The manuscript is profusely illustrated, and all of the saints depicted in the Sanctorale are recognizable by the attributes they bear or the illustrated scenes from their lives or martyrdoms.
- Notes (ownership):
Provenance: Offered for sale by J. Rosenthal in 1901 (nr. 792) and 1905 (nr. 89). Sold Sotheby's London, 4 June 1934, lot 32 to Maggs.
- Notes (acquisition):
Immediate source of acquisition: Purchased from Maggs in 1939 (cat. 672, no. 9)
- Notes (citation):
Bond, W.H. Supplement to the Census of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts in the United States and Canada, 207
- Notes (object):
Secundo folio: Februarius habet dies xxviii ...
Collation: Parchment, fol. ii (paper) + 374 + ii (paper) ; 1-22¹⁰ 23⁸ 24-32¹⁰ 33¹² 34⁴ 35-38¹⁰ (the temporale ends at the end of quire 23 and the sanctorale at the end of quire 34, with originally blank leaves at the end of each quire, suggesting that the manuscript may have originally been divided into three volumes) ; signatures extant in far lower right rectos, fol. 319-323. Modern arabic pencil foliation, upper outer corner of each page.
Layout: Two columns, 32 lines. Vertical bounding lines ruled in blind or light plummet.
Script: Written in a gothic rotunda in brown ink, the hand of Jacobus de Mutina (colophon on fol. 373v).
Decoration: Red rubrics. Single- and two-line epigraphic capitals throughout alternating blue with red harping and penwork or red with blue or purple; eight- and five-line initials in gold and colors on fol. 11; 22 five- to eight-line historiated initials in gold and colors with acanthus and gold balls, in the temporale and the opening of the Commons; 32 eight- to ten-line rectangular miniatures in gold and colors on blue grounds with white tracery, in the sanctorale (descriptive guides for illuminator extant in lower margin of fol. 307, 310, 313, 314 and 323). For full description of initials and miniatures, consult description by Lisa Fagin Davis.
Binding: 18th-century calf over pasteboards, gilt red label on spine, "BREVIATRIUM/ MS. MEMBRAN./ PER IACOBUM/ DE MUTINA." Marbled paper pastedowns and conjugate endleaves, paper flyleaves.
- Notes (bibliography):
Bibliography: E. Oldham, "An Early Franciscan Breviary," More Books III (1951): 276-279; H. Walther, "Initia carminum ac versuum medii aevi posterioris latinorum," Carmina medii aevi posterioris, ii (1963-1967)
- Notes (language):
- Call #:
RARE BKS MS f Med.83
MS 1509 (no longer used)