Digital Commonwealth

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    <mods:title>Two Elm St. whip manufacturing firms</mods:title>
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  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes' point='start' qualifier='approximate'>1873</mods:dateCreated>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' point='end' qualifier='approximate'>1875</mods:dateCreated>
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    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
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  <mods:abstract>Two whip factories made of wood - Bishop, Lay &amp; Co. and C.W. Spencer Whip Manufactory. In its "heyday", the Spencer firm's 5 workers produced 1,200 whips annually. Three women and many men standing in front of the buildings. Two men with top hats, and one man sitting on building's trim. Woman is leaning out window.</mods:abstract>
  <mods:note>From the Westfield Athenaeum, Westfield, Massachusetts http://www.westath.org</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='local'>
    <mods:topic>Industries--Massachusetts--Westfield</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='local'>
    <mods:topic>Whips--Massachusetts--Westfield</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='local'>
    <mods:topic>Westfield (Mass), Bishop, Lay &amp; Company Whip Manufacturers</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='local'>
    <mods:topic>C.W. Spencer Whip Manufactory.</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7014614'>
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      <mods:state>Massachusetts</mods:state>
      <mods:country>United States</mods:country>
      <mods:county>Hampden</mods:county>
      <mods:continent>North and Central America</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>Westfield</mods:city>
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    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>42.1167,-72.75</mods:coordinates>
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  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>Contact host institution for more information.</mods:accessCondition>
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      <mods:title>Westfield Collection</mods:title>
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    <mods:physicalLocation>Westfield Athenaeum</mods:physicalLocation>
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  <mods:identifier type='local-other'>two_elm_st_whip_manufacturing_firms</mods:identifier>
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    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
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