Digital Commonwealth

Interview with Arthur Chalfont, 1986

Item Information

Title:
Interview with Arthur Chalfont, 1986
Description:
In 1964, Lord Chalfont was appointed Minister for Disarmament, serving until 1970. He represented Britain at the Eighteen Nation Committee on Disarmament (ENCD). In the interview he focuses heavily on the evolution and current state of nuclear non-proliferation, beginning with consideration of the Atoms for Peace program. He relates the views of both the nuclear weapons states and the non-nuclear weapons states, especially countries considered to be “near nuclear.” He describes the British government’s plan to kill the Multilateral Force (MLF) strategy for NATO. He explains the negotiating process during the ENCD, and the difference between what occurred at the negotiations and what occurred in bilateral and trilateral discussions (mainly between the U.S., the Soviet Union, and Great Britain) away from the negotiating table. He also looks at how nonproliferation treaties have succeeded and failed since the late 1960s, giving as examples the 1974 Indian nuclear test and Israel’s attack on the Iraqi nuclear reactor in 1981.
Interviewee:
Chalfont, Arthur Gwynne Jones, Baron, 1919-
Date:
December 15, 1986
Format:
Film/Video
Location:
WGBH
Collection (local):
WGBH Open Vault
Series:
War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
Subjects:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Nuclear nonproliferation
Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968)
Nuclear-weapon-free zones
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1963)
Goldschmidt, Bertrand
Euratom
Barre, Raymond
International Atomic Energy Agency
Nuclear disarmament
Nuclear weapons
Great Britain
Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (1967)
Nuclear arms control
Soviet Union
International relations
Bhaba, Homi J.
Nuclear energy
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-
Myrdal, Alva, 1902-1986
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Gandhi, Indira, 1917-1984
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
Places:
EnglandLondon
Pakistan
Iraq
Germany
Brazil
Poland
Israel
China
Japan
India
United States
Extent:
01:22:40:04
Link to Item:
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Publisher:
WGBH Educational Foundation
Identifier:
V_FA033C22CAB6400F8F3E56841604E983