Portrait of K. T. Paul
- Portrait of K. T. Paul
This lantern slide, “Portrait of K. T. Paul,” is a portrait of Kanakarayan Tiruselvam Paul (March 24, 1876 – April 11, 1931) dressed in a suit. The bottom of the image reads, “K. T. PAUL; National General Secretary, India & Ceylon.” Paul was an ardent follower of Gandhi and spent much of his life exploring the relationship between Christianity and India’s national identity. After serving as the Joint National Secretary for the Y.M.C.A. in India from 1913-1916, he was appointed the National General Secretary. During this time, Europeans ran nearly all Christian institutions in India; appointing Paul was the first step in better adapting policies and programs to the specific problems faced by rural Indian society. To target rural poverty, Paul created the Rural Reconstruction Program. Through this program, the Y.M.C.A. organized the Madras Christian Co-operative Bank and provided microloans to farmers. Paul also served as President of the Governing Council of the United Theological College (Bangalore), General Secretary of the National Missionary Society (India), and Chairman of the National Christian Council of India.
- Hawkes, Joseph
- Springfield College Archives and Special Collections
- Collection (local):
College Archives Digital Collections
- Lantern Slide Collection
International Young Men's Christian Association
- 3.25x3.25 in
- Link to Item:
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The Y.M.C.A. began its work in India in 1889, when they sent a young American named David McConaughy to Madras to serve as the first foreign secretary in India. McConaughy encouraged the development of pre-existing Associations and held the first National Convention in 1891, resulting in the formation of the National Council of India, Burma, and Ceylon. The Association’s most notable contribution in India was its rural development work, first begun by K. T. Paul in 1913. Paul established microloan programs that freed the rural poor from the grips of moneylenders and won many converts among India's lower classes. Joseph Hawkes, the slide’s creator, spent much of his life producing and coloring lantern slides from his home in New York. This slide is part of Springfield College’s lantern slide series depicting Y.M.C.A. work in India, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar in the early twentieth century. The series was prepared by the Foreign Division of the American and Canadian Y.M.C.A, which established self-sustaining associations staffed by trained secretaries in foreign lands.
This image was published in the February 1920 issue of Association Men.
Part of the Y.M.C.A. Work in India and Sri Lanka Lantern Slide Series